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Nepal economie - Happy Nomads

Hieronder vindt u een artikel uit de Kathmandu Post van 29 januari 2005, dat een redelijk beeld geeft van o.a. de ontwikkeling van de economie in Nepal in de periode 1995/96 tot 2003/04.

Staggering rise in per capita income

A 12 months’ in-depth study has reckoned that the average household income of Nepalis had recorded a whopping 80 percent plus rise in the last eight years, thanks to multi-fold increment in remittance inflows.
According to Nepal Living Standard Survey 2003/04 (NLSS II) conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) with the financial and technical assistance of the World Bank, the annual per capita income increased to RS 15,162 in 2003/04 from RS 7,690 in 1995/96.
However, despite growing labor migration to India, India’s share of the total foreign remittance slipped to 23 percent from 33 percent, stated the survey, which enumerated 3,912 households.
The heavy increment in remittance income recorded during the period was reflected in the multi-fold increment level of consumption, as the annual per capita consumption witnessed a quantum leap to RS 15,848 in 2003/04 from RS 6,802 in 1995/96.
The survey also showed a significant change in composition of income during the period, as the share of farm income to the total income had declined to 48 percent from 61 percent. The share of off-farm income increased to 28 from 22 percent, and remittance income increased to 25 from 16 percent.
The study has also revealed widening consumption pattern between the rich and poor. “In 2003/04, the bottom 20 percent of the population accounts for a mere 6 percent of total consumption while the richest 20 percent consumes 53 percent,”stated the report.
As an indication of gradual shift of economic dependency from the agriculture to non-agriculture sector, the percentage share of agriculture wage employment has decreased from 53 in 1995/96 to 37 in 2003/04 while that for non-agriculture has increased by 16 percentage points.
The percent of employed population increased to 74 from 67 in 1995/96 while the percent of inactive population has decreased by 6 percentage points to 23 percent. “Unemployment rate is 3.8 percent in 2003/04 against 4.9 percent in 1995/96,”stated the report.
Similarly, on the social front, households with access to electricity and piped water have also increased from 14 to 37 percent and from 33 to 44 percent respectively during the period. Likewise, the net enrolment ratio in primary schools also went up to 72 percent from 57 percent, and the proportion of fully immunized children has increased remarkably to 59 percent from 36 percent in 1995/96.

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